Town Of Colesville

Doraville Schoolhouse, 2006



Nathaniel Cole, Sr.



From Mayflower Descendent to Revolutionary Soldier

            Much of the early knowledge about the life of Nathaniel Cole, Sr. lies in the record books of New England and the State of Connecticut.

Immigrant lists of early settlers to New England shows the arrival of one Stephen Hopkins on the Mayflower; it is known that Hopkins and early settlers migrated throughout the Colony.  Nathaniel Cole, Sr., one of Hopkins' descendants, was born in Connecticut on August 6, 1747.  Little is known of Nathaniel's youth, but family information lists him married to wife Abigail Oviett and already a father when the Revolutionary War began. 

            Military records, also list Nathaniel's service in the Continental Army during the 1775-1783 period.  In 1783, when the Colonial forces disbanded, Cole returned to his birthplace in Connecticut.  At the age of 36, he and his family resumed a rural future in the newly freed country. 


Another Migration East

            Following the defeat of the British, President George Washington urged land ownership by the survivors of the Revolution.  Based on his own surveying of lands in Virginia, the Land Ordinance Act of 1785 began accurate mapping of unexplored lands occupied by Native Americans.  Connecticut land taxes to support state governments were becoming increasingly costly for patriots such as Cole.  New lands beckoned the growing family.

            In the late 1790's, Nathaniel Cole, his wife and 6 children (first son Andrew was left buried in Connecticut), along with older brother Sylvanus and his family, and some Connecticut neighbors, left their farms and headed east into Indian lands of Central New York. 


The Journey and The Destination

            Accurate details of the journey of the Cole expedition are lacking, but other journals of similar New England migrants show a popular route of travel.  East to Esopus (Kingston), across the Hudson River to the Kaatz Kill (Catskill) turnpike, overland to the Susquehanna River, then north or south as pre-scouting dictated. 

Current records show that in 1795, the group from New England settled in North-Central Broome County, 12 miles east-northeast of Chenengo Point (later to become Binghamton).

            The Cambridge Settlement was over the southeastern edge of Robert Harper's "Warren Patent" (a 1786 purchase of 15,360 acres from the New York Land Board), and located on land identified as the Abijah Hammond Patent. 

            Cole applied to a land agent for this land upon which to settle.  Since rural banks were decades away, land ownership was transacted with a handshake and a "grantee-grantor" contract.  In the "Index of Deeds 1806-1843" in the Broome County land records, middle man William Johnson granted Nathaniel Cole, Sr. land within the Abijah Hammond patent and the "Cambridge Settlement" was born.


Coles Hill and the "Cambridge Settlement"

            On the hilltop "where the sun shines in every direction", Nathaniel Cole, Sr. stopped his caravan of migrant New Englanders and said, "This is home".  Acreage was apportioned among families of Nathaniel and Sylvanus Cole.  They were soon joined by other Connecticut deportees; Titus Humaston his wife and 13 children, (2 more came by 1796), Job Wilmont, Jed Merchant, Bateman Dickinson, David Crofut, John Ruggles, and Isaac Tyrell, and their extended families.  Quite an immediate population!

            All hands were put to work clearing lands, planting gardens, fencing pastures, and building shelters.  Whether of log construction or lumber from nearby mills, housing grew quickly around the crossroads settlement. 

            By 1800, Nathaniel Cole's original house was enlarged to become the first tavern in the area known as "Cambridge Settlement".  It served as a stop on the Chenengo Point-Albany frontier route, as well as a meeting hall and social center for the growing number of local families.

            Under government mandate to "maintain a prepared militia", Cole's Tavern and its adjacent parade ground became the site of military drills and instructions.  Local men of service age were under the command of visiting officers who were housed and fed in the tavern.  A nearby racetrack provided entertainment for visitors and residents.  The settlement was expanding. 

            Even by 1800 standards, the tavern was impressive.  Two stories in height, painted red with hipped roofs and 5 large windows across the upper front and each side of the clapboard structure, it stood out in the settlement at its highest crest. 

            The tavern had two front entrances and two large chimneys at either side housed large interior fireplaces.  Ground level access was into a large entry hall that featured fine carpentry hewn from local red pine, with planking 36 inches wide.  A bar was at the right of the hall and a sitting parlor on the left. 

            A broad staircase led up to the second level.  The ballroom at the top of the stairs spanned the full front of the building and had a raised bandstand.  Wax mannequins of celebrities graced the wall spaces and created a party-like atmosphere for occupants.  Guest bedrooms occupied the back of the second level.


With Growth Comes Recognition

            In 1806, Nathaniel Cole, Sr. applied to the U.S. Government for authority to establish a post office.  Cole became the Postmaster and the area served was identified as Colesville.  Under requirements of the Land Ordinance Act, one "square" of a 6x6 mile "township" was to be set aside for education.  A schoolhouse was built across Farm to Market Road, opposite the tavern.  Soon after, a Presbyterian Church joined the group of buildings around the tavern.  Cambridge Settlement now became known as Colesville.

            Rural life around the crossroads flourished during the first two decades of the 1800's.  In 1821 the citizens petitioned Broome County for the privilege of becoming a township.  It was so granted and named after one of its prominent early settlers, Nathaniel Cole, Sr.  At the first official meeting held in Cole's Tavern in 1822, John Warren Harpur, son of another prominent citizen, Robert Harpur, was elected Supervisor.  Nathaniel Cole, Jr. was chosen for overseer of the poor.  Based on the New England pattern of civil government, the "town council" provided for the administration of service, aid, and the maintenance of property. 

The Legacy of Nathaniel Cole

            Since 1875, pioneer Nathaniel Cole, Sr. hand-shaped a colony of family, friends, and neighbors into a thriving community.  Over his busy lifetime, he selflessly gave much to the betterment of others.  In his later years, he turned the operation of the tavern over to his son Nathaniel Cole, Jr., and later to Junior's son, James Henry Cole.  The tavern left Cole family ownership following its sale when the post office closed in 1876.

            In 1832, Nathaniel Cole, Sr. died.  He was buried near his beloved Colesville.  Jesse Wilmont, one of the original 1795 settlers, deeded land for a cemetery "for the inhabitants from the Cambridge Settlement" from his apportioned land.  The beautiful rural cemetery atop what has become Coles Hill is the final resting place for Cole and the early settlers.


A Community Grows and Develops

            The establishment of the boundaries for the Town of Colesville in 1821 recognized the population and land ownership in the area.  The Susquehanna River and its tributaries inside the eastern portion of the Township on lands identified as the Harpur Patent, purchased in 1786, supported mills, farmlands, businesses, and a thriving log rafting operation serving markets down stream.  With the assignment of the Post Office in 1821; the Harpur Patent and the Village of Harpursville became a larger business and social center for the ever growing territory. 


Interested in Colesville history?

Historians, scholars and those seeking connections with the past are invited to visit Colesville's two "Museums of Antiquities" for a step back in time.


Doraville Schoolhouse and Museum

Built in 1832, this authentic one-room structure re-creates educational conditions during the mid 1800's.  Open holidays from Memorial Day to Labor Day and by appointment. (607-648-6959)


St. Luke's Church and Museum

Erected in 1828, this building houses local history from Indian settlements through 1800's development and life.  Open monthly (2nd Sunday 2-5pm) from Memorial Day to St. Luke's Day in October.  For information call 607-693-1222.

Doraville Schoolhouse:

A Brief History of the Doraville Schoolhouse

(from the Doraville Schoolhouse Cookbook)

The Doraville Schoolhouse was built about 1830 and was used as a schoolhouse for 110 years.  In 1939, the Doraville school district centralized with Harpursville Central School, and the building thereafter ceased to be a school.  For a while the building was used as a community clubhouse for meetings, suppers, and wedding receptions.  It was used as a polling place until 1987, but after that year the residents went to Harpursville to vote.  The old building began to need repairs, but the resident taxpayers did not want the added expense to repair it.

At this time a committee of interested people was recruited by the Town Historian, Minerva Flagg, to see if the schoolhouse could be restored and saved.  It was, after all, the last remaining one-room schoolhouse in the Town of Colesville.  Others had fallen down, burned, or been converted to other uses.  The community response was overwhelming.  Money flowed in through donations and numerous fund-raisers.  Johnny Hart, local citizen and well-known cartoonist, provided the logo for the campaign to "Save the Doraville Schoolhouse". 

In 1993, the Doraville Schoolhouse was moved, in two sections, from its original site to its present location behind the Colesville Town Hall, in Harpursville.  The distance was three and one-half miles.  It was here placed on piers set by the Harpursville Rotary Club.  From that point, the old schoolhouse began to reappear under the direction of Restoration Committee Chairman, Donald Olin, and his dedicated crew of volunteers.

The goal set by the committee was to restore the building to what it was in the mid-1800's.  All foundation stones, including the two large flag-stones on the porch landing, were moved from the original site and used.  Many of the original hand-made bricks were used to rebuild the chimney.  The windows were taken apart, and some of the original glass was preserved.  Two of the original blackboards were uncovered.  (These were simply boards painted black; more recent schools used slate "blackboards".)  The outline of the teacher's platform was visible on the old floor, so a new platform was rebuilt on the same location.  Similar outlines appeared on the floor where the boys and girls entrances were; new entryways were then built on them.

This Colesville treasure stands restored as a result of a large community effort.  Over 1800 hours of volunteer labor went into this project, and volunteer labor continues for its maintenance.  And, proudly, no taxpayer money was used in the restoration project.

Our schoolhouse has received recognition from beyond the local community too.  The Preservation Society of the Southern Tier gave its distinguished P.A.S.T. award for its authentic restoration to us in 1994.  Over a thousand people have visited the schoolhouse since its restoration, and programs are presented to show what school was like a hundred years ago.  We are proud of our Colesville heritage and are trying to keep it alive.

As compiled by Rexford Cole, October, 1994.

Colesville Historian Advisory Committee
Town Historian Val LaClair
P.O. Box 27
Harpursville, NY 13787
Phone: 607-648-8341
The Colesville Historian Advisory Committee meets on the 2nd Monday of each month at  7:00 pm at the Town of Colesville Town Hall, excluding December, January, and February.